The Impact of Generative AI on Google’s Search Landscape

    The search landscape is changing, and quite rapidly at that. Some of it is because Google continuously tweaks and changes its search algorithms. However, a significant reason is the evolution of search technology.

    One of the most powerful technologies to emerge recently is generative AI. The thing is, AI-powered chatbots like ChatGPT have changed how you interact with search engines. 

    Generative AI, powered by large language models (LLM) like ChatGPT, represents a natural language processing (NLP) leap. These models, based on GPT-3.5 architecture, can understand and generate human-like text, significantly enhancing user interactions with search engines.

    ChatGPT’s capabilities extend beyond conventional search queries. It can understand context and the ability to generate coherent responses. And, it can adapt to diverse tasks.

    That has implications for user engagement and content creation. And, it also changes the very nature of search interactions.

    Welcome to the era of Google’s Search Generative Experience (SGE). This is conventional search supplemented by generative AI. SGE reshapes how we seek and receive information, changing user interaction with search engines.

    Search Generative Experience: The Evolution of Search

    SGE is a notable advancement in online search, facilitated by major platforms like Google. Unlike traditional search methods, it employs advanced generative AI models, particularly LLMs. It introduces three features which will have the most impact on search behaviour.

    Query Understanding

    Unlike traditional search engines limited by word count in queries, SGE shows an improved understanding of complex queries. It is not bound by the historical 32-word query limit and uses advanced AI techniques to better interpret your questions. This enhancement allows SGE to provide more nuanced and accurate search results. Its answers align with your intent even in intricate search queries.

    The AI Snapshot

    The AI snapshot is an SGE feature that represents an evolved form of the traditional featured snippet. Unlike conventional snippets, the AI snapshot is more robust. It incorporates generative text and links to citations. It often dominates the above-the-fold content area, providing a comprehensive overview of the search result. 

    This snapshot is dynamically generated. It offers a more detailed and informative response to any query, contributing to a richer search experience for you. Additionally, SGE’s AI snapshot includes follow-up questions, introducing a contextual layer to your queries as you progress through subsequent searches.

    Follow-Up Questions

    The follow-up questions feature in SGE introduces a contextual dimension to the search process. It narrows down the search results based on how you interact with them. This creates a more interactive and personalised search experience, showing a shift toward more nuanced and multidimensional searches.

    SGE hints at a future where search results are seamlessly integrated into the user’s journey. It’s set to reshape the way information is accessed and presented online. And, how it does this is with the help of RAG.

    Unlocking Superpowers: How RAG Reshapes Search

    One problem with traditional language models is they can sometimes make things up or get stuck in old information. RAG, or retrieval-augmented generation, solves this by staying grounded in facts.

    In this setup, the relevant information is collected based on the query or prompt. It’s a mechanism by which the LLM gives answers grounded in facts. In other words, by learning from existing information to offer relevant answers with a lower chance of hallucinations. 

    Microsoft’s Bing and Neeva’s search engine are the pioneers showcasing this capability, making your search results more accurate and reliable. 

    But RAG doesn’t work in isolation. It’s part of a bigger story that involves generative AI. Generative AI adds creativity to the mix, letting the language model generate content. When you pair this creativity with RAG’s accuracy, it’s like combining the best of both worlds. You get search results that are not only creative but also spot-on, changing the way we find information online.

    Of course, RAG has its limitations. It’s only as good as the information it’s studying. If the source material is sub-par, you will get repetitive content, irrelevant results, or worse, hallucinations.

    Unveiling Google’s Technological Triumphs: REALM, RARR, and RETRO

    Google’s innovative projects have changed how we interact with information in search technology. These projects, namely REALM, RARR, and RETRO, stand as technological triumphs. Each contributes a unique facet to the evolving landscape of search.


    Retrieval-augmented language model (REALM) pre-training, unveiled by Google’s Research team, symbolises a pivotal moment in language model pre-training. Published in August 2020, the REALM paper introduces a method that leverages the masked language model (MLM) approach. This is similar to BERT, for “open-book” question answering. 

    What sets REALM apart is its dual training mechanism. Whilst predicting masked tokens in sentences, it simultaneously learns to retrieve relevant documents from a corpus. 

    REALM uses a retrieval-augmented technique to generate text that is both factually accurate and based on existing knowledge. Its ability to identify full documents and extract the most relevant information signifies a leap forward in search technology.


    Building upon the foundations laid by REALM, Google’s DeepMind team took the concept further with retrieval-enhanced transformer (RETRO). RETRO is a language model that shares similarities with REALM but introduces a distinctive attention mechanism. This mechanism, operating more hierarchically, enables RETRO to understand the context of retrieved documents more effectively. The result is text generation that is not only accurate but also exhibits enhanced fluency and coherence. RETRO’s contribution lies in its ability to refine the generative process. It makes search results more natural and seamlessly integrated into the user experience.


    Completing the triad of innovation, retrofit attribution using research and revision (RARR) represents a unique approach to language modelling. Unlike models that generate text from scratch, RARR operates by retrieving a set of candidate passages from a corpus and then reranking them to select the most suitable passage for a given task. 

    This approach, while computationally more intensive, ensures that RARR generates text that is highly accurate and informative. By validating and attributing the output of a large language model with citations, RARR introduces a layer of credibility to the generative process. 

    It is a meticulous step towards combating issues like repetitive content and irrelevant results. It showcases Google’s commitment to elevating the quality of information presented to users.

    In essence, REALM, RETRO, and RARR form the technological backbone of Google’s endeavour to redefine search. They promise a future where search results are not just accurate but also seamlessly integrated. They are setting new standards for information retrieval in the digital age.

    SEO in the Future: Navigating the Generative Era

    The emergence of SGE introduces a new era in user interaction with search engines. Anyone involved in the digital sphere must understand the implications of AI engine optimisation

    Here are some key aspects to consider.

    Adapting to Nuanced Searches 

    With SGE’s ability to understand complex queries beyond historical limitations, SEO strategies need to adapt. Users can now express themselves more naturally. So, SEO efforts should align with this shift. 

    What do I mean by that?

    Search intent must be considered above all else. It’s really important to look at what the searcher wants to know. Content quality matters more than quantity. You can’t just create long-form content that doesn’t offer anything of value and assume it’ll rank well.

    Optimising for AI Snapshots

    The AI snapshot in SGE goes beyond traditional featured snippets. It’s a dynamic, generative content piece that dominates the user’s initial view. Optimising content for visibility within AI snapshots becomes a crucial facet of SEO.

    Navigating Follow-Up Questions

    The introduction of follow-up questions in SGE adds a layer of user interaction that SEO experts need to navigate. Search strategists need to anticipate user journeys and craft content that seamlessly aligns with these follow-ups.

    RAG’s Role in Content Strategy

    RAG stands as a bridge between creativity and accuracy. Whilst it enhances the precision of search results, it also opens avenues for creative content generation. SEO strategies should harness this dual power, emphasising both relevance and creativity.

    Understanding Google’s Technological Leap

    Google’s commitment to pushing the boundaries of search technology is evident in projects like REALM, RETRO, and RARR. As SEO professionals, staying informed about these innovations is not just beneficial; it’s integral to crafting strategies that resonate with Google’s evolving algorithms.

    Challenges and Opportunities in the SEO Landscape

    While the future of SEO in the generative era promises exciting opportunities, it comes with its set of challenges. Understanding and mitigating these challenges will be the hallmark of successful SEO practices like Geeky Tech.

    Quality Source Material

    RAG’s efficacy is tied to the quality of the source material. SEOs must emphasise authoritative, accurate sources to ensure the generated content meets user expectations.

    Dynamic Content Creation

    As AI plays a more prominent role in content creation through generative models, SEO strategies should embrace a dynamic approach. Content calendars may evolve to accommodate the real-time nature of generative content.

    User-Centric Strategies

    SEO in the generative era transcends traditional keyword optimisation. Crafting user-centric strategies that align with the natural language processing capabilities of generative AI becomes paramount.

    SEO professionals have the opportunity to lead the way in navigating the complexities of generative AI in the new era of search. Embracing the future means understanding technology and creating strategies for a more interactive search experience. In this transformative journey, staying informed, adaptive, and creative will be the cornerstones of SEO success in the generative era.

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